Costume Jewelry Collectors Int’l
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Researching Costume Jewelry
originally published by Dotty Stringfield on IllusionJewels.com
Jewelry History – Jewelry Research – Jewelry Marks – Jewelry Signatures – Jewelry Articles – Jewelry Galleries
COSTUME JEWELRY MARKS – S*
Information and images contained in Researching Costume Jewelry (RCJ) were created by Illusion Jewels and are currently maintained and updated by Costume Jewelry Collectors Int’l (CJCI). Written permission by CJCI is needed to use any information obtained from RCJ in any other publication whether written or electronic.
— See DAKOTA WEST DESIGN
STAR shape with a “B” inside — See BALLOU
“S” in a crown shape — See THE SULTON CO.
“S” in a star Some things we know and don’t know about this mark:
- Mark: Another picture of the mark Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon.
“S” in a star, “Made in USA” and an applied plate with “Fred Gray Corp.” — all these marks were seen on a bird brooch. (info from Pat Seal)
- Pin with “S” in a star mark was seen on an original card which said “Fred Gray Corp.” Photo courtesy Beth Rowlands.
- Pieces only marked with the “S” in a star may or may not be Fred Gray — we just don’t know.
- There could have been several companies who used this, or a similar mark.
- It is possible that the “S” in a star and “Made in USA” may be the mark of the actual manufacturer who made jewelry for any number of jewelry companies.
SAC — See SARAH COVENTRY
S.A.L. — See SWAROVSKI
SAJEN — Putney, VT
- Sajen is mark for Offerings Jewelry
- A contemporary company.
SALTZ, MARCELLA — See TRIFARI
SAMPLE ART — See GEM-CRAFT CORP.
SANCREST — See SANFORD & CO.
- Contemporary brand of clothes, jewelry, perfume, etc.
SANDOR — New York, NY — 1938-1972
- Mark: Regimental Crests 1939
- Mark: Sandor Goldberger — 1939-1940
- Mark: Sandor Courtesy Cathy Gordon, Courtesy Gayla Esch
- Mark: Sandor with the copyright mark after 1955
- Mark: Sandor Co. with © after 1955
- Mark: Sandor Sterling Courtesy Roger Ericson
- Mark: Antonio for Sandor Goldberger (from ad Aug. 1966)
- Founded in 1938 by Sandor Goldberger
SANDRA MILLER BURROWS — See BURROWS
SANDS, LEE— Hawaii; 1975 –
SANFORD & CO., INC., Los Angeles, CA — at least 1951-1954
- Mark: SANCREST — Jan. 1951 Courtesy Tracy Janik
- Native American style silver finished jewelry — all with synthetic turquoise
- Listed in a 1954 brochure of an accessories show at the Hotel McAlpin in NY
SANSEGUNDO, RUTH — c. Aug. 1967
DI SANT’ ANGELO, GEORGIO — c June 1967
- Mark: Sant Angelo for Vendome — See CORO
SANTA FE — See J.J. (JONETTE JEWELRY CO.)
SARAH COVENTRY — See COVENTRY, SARAH
SARAHGLO — See SARAH COVENTRY
SARAHSHEEN — See SARAH COVENTRY
SARDI — UK — 1974 to present
- Mark: SARDI
- All items are designed and manufactured in house.
SATIQUE — See TRIFARI
SAUTEUR — See RENOIR
SB in an oval — See SILVERMAN
S.B. CO. — See STANDARD BUTTON CO.
SC — See SILVER CLOUD
S & C — See SHVED & COHEN
SCAASI — c. Sept. 1959
- Mark: Roger Scemama Paris, France Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon.
SCEPTRON — REINAD & SCEPTRON JEWELRY CREATIONS
- Mark: Sceptron — used since June 1944
SCHAAD, ANNI LANG — Germany
- Began using tradename “langani” in 1952 and only used glass beads from 1952 until 1965.
- Registered her trademark black bead which is found near the clasp of her necklaces in 1958.
- Began a long association with couturier Louis Feraud in 1970.
- Lived 1911-1988
- Information from European Designer Jewelry by Ginger Moro.
SCHAUER (5th Ave.)
- Mark: Schauer Fifth Avenue Photo courtesy Pat Hamm.
- Not to be confused with C. Schauer
SCHIAPARELLI, ELSA (skE-“Ã¤-p&-‘re-lE)
- Mark: before 1949 is lower case print; not all marked Photo courtesy Carol Bell.
- Mark: After 1949, the mark is in the familiar script Photo courtesy Beth Rowlands.
- In 1949 she licensed an American company to make her jewelry with either a stamped mark or paper tags marked “Designed in Paris — Created in America”. Photo courtesy ID: justabunchawildflowers.
- Mark: Photo courtesy Luda Tovey.
- She sold the rights to both her name and business in 1973. Current owner of the name is Interbasic Holding.
- Interbasic Holding registered these three marks for use with jewelry in 2006 & 2007:
- elsa ES
- There is jewelry being sold online with known fake Schiaparelli marks.
SCHOFFEL & CO. — Austria — c. 1930 to at least c. 1960-70
- Mark: A crown symbol and the word “Austria” Courtesy Joy Tumlin.
SCHRAGER — H.M. SCHRAGER & CO. — NY, NY — 1925- to at least 1962
- Mark: House Of Schrager 5th Ave.
- Mark: Jonne by Schrager — c. 1950s/1960s
- Mark: House of Schrager Creation
- Mark: Courtesy Kathryn of the-vintage-jewelry-advisor.com .
- Notes: Was located at 392 5th Ave. and owned by Sidney Blicker
- Have ads from 1946, 1947, 1962
SCHREINER — N.Y. — 1939-1977
- Mark: Schreiner N.Y.
- Mark: Schreiner Photo courtesy Jennifer of Jennifer Lynn’s Timeless Jewelry.
- Mark: Schreiner Jewelry N.Y.C. Photo courtesy Carol Bell.
- Not all Schreiner jewelry was signed.
- Sphinx was a British company and not a mark of Schreiner
SCITARELLI — See M. & S. MFG.
SEA-MAZE — See MAZER
SEBIRI, CELIA — New York — c.1970 -1990s
- Mark: C. Sebiri
- Her jewelry was sold through high end department stores and boutiques.
- She died in April 2006 at the age of 93
SEGAL , LEWIS — California Company
- Mark: Lewis Segal, California Photo courtesy of David Pritchett.
- Have ad 1959
SELINI — See Selro
- Mark: Selro
- Mark: Selro Corp. © Photo courtesy eclecticgramma.
- Selro & Selini were not always marked, but came with a hangtag. Selini hangtag Photo courtesy Kathie Davis
- Mark: Selini; with copyright mark, after 1955
- Mark: Selro, Selini — some pieces were marked with both names.
- Some Selro and Selini jewelry was made that only had a hangtag, no marks on the jewelry.
- Founded by Paul Selenger in NYC late 1940s to about 1975.
- Paul Selenger named the company after his mother Rose Selenger — Selro.
- Selro jewelry was the first produced, then Selini was added in an attempt to differentiate the two lines.
- For a period, Selro and Selini were produced at the same time.
- Between 1960 & 1975, Expansion Ltd. (Leo Geller) manufactured some of Selro’s stock.
- Selro/Selini jewelry was distributed by the NY wholesaler Fran & Co.
- Read the article “Selro Unmasked” by Susan Klein for additional information.
SERBIN, R — c. 1980s
- Mark: R. Serbin Photo courtesy Joan Redden.
- He designed jewelry in the 1980’s that was sold in Neimans, Saks & Bergdorf’s.
- Mark: “Lilo” on metal hangtag
- Lilo does original crocheted and knitted wire jewelry.
- Contemporary artist
SHAKIRA CAINE — See CAINE, SHAKIRA
SHAPIRO, BERNARD — See LES BERNARD
SHERMAN — Canadian company — 1947-1981
- Mark: Sherman in block letters Photo courtesy Jo-Ann Sturko.
- Mark: Sherman in script Photo courtesy Laura Libio.
- Mark: Sherman Sterling Photo courtesy Laura Libio.
SHUBE’S — See DAKOTA WEST DESIGN
SHVED & COHEN
- Mark: S & C Courtesy Jan Gaughan
SHIMAN MFG. CO. INC. — 1906-at least 1988
- Mark: ESEMCO on a small rectangle cartouche
- Mark: Shiman of Newark
- Mark: Cornelia’s Jewels
- Mark: A “footprint” with an X at the toe.
- Established in Newark, NJ.
- Name was changed to Shiman Industries in 1971.
SIAM SILVER — c. 1930s, 1980s
- Mark: Amfarco — mark used by Amfarco and Hamlet & Co. on Siam jewelry. RCJ
- Mark: Siam Sterling Photo courtesy Linda Lange.
SILBRO in cursive — see SILVER BROTHERS
- Mark: Silson Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon.
- Mark: Photo courtesy Laura Libio.
- Mark: Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon
- Mark: Wings of Glory — March 1941
- Mark: Lancette — first used March 1941
- Dates: 1937 until at least 1950
- Founded: Probably founded in 1937 by brothers Victor and Jack Silberfeld who later changed their name to Silson.
- Location: New York
- Notes: Silson filed for a patent in 1950
- Notes: Designs by Victor were also produced with the William Spratling Company in Mexico in the 1940’s
SILVER BROTHERS — Atlanta, GA — c. 1950
- Mark: Silbro in cursive with a line extending from the top of the “S” over the rest of the word
SILVER CLOUD — Albuquerque, NM — c. 1970s to present
- Mark: SC — first used in 1979 Photo courtesy Debbi Robinson .
- Make Southwestern or Native American Style jewelry.
SIMMONS — See R. F. SIMMONS CO.
SILVERMAN CORP. — Providence, RI — 1897 or 1898 until about 1965
- Mark: SB in an side-to-side oval.
- Mark: SILBRO in print capital letters
- Mark: York
- Mark: Master
- Mark: Neatron
- Founded by Archibald Silverman.
SIMPSON, ADELE — 1940s-1950s
SINGER COHEN ??
- Mark: Singer Cohen N.Y.C. Courtesy Paula Knutson
SINGER, RALPH — See RALPH SINGER
SINGER & KANTOR — 7th Ave., N.Y., N.Y. — c. 1930s to early 1940s
- Mark: Singer & Kantor Courtesy Becky Sweet
- A dress clip has been seen with all these marks present on the same piece: Singer & Kantor, WMCA and “LB” within a bell.
SIR! — See ANSON
SLIDENT — See R. F. SIMMONS
SMALL WONDERS— See BALLOU
SMART CREATIONS INC. — Chicago, Ill — 1958 until present
- Mark: Smart Creations Inc. – since early 1980’s Courtesy Paula Knutson
- Founded by Manuel Dubinsky in 1958.
- They import and export jewelry, have beading classes & parties at the Chicago location.
- They made jewelry for Lady Remington, attaching that company’s mark or hangtag.
- Thanks to Paula Knutson for locating and sharing this information.
SMART SET — See CORO
SMART SET 5TH AVE. BRJ — See BETTER RHINESTONE JEWELRY
SMB — See BURROWS, SANDRA MILLER
SMITH, DOTTY — Norfolk, CT
- Mark: Dotty Smith Courtesy eclecticgramma
- Contemporary designer.
SMITH ST. JACQUES — c. May 1966
SNAP-BAR — See KREMENTZ
SNAP-LOCK — See FORSTNER — FORSTNER CHAIN CORP
S.O.B. — See BIGNEY, S. O.
SOCIALITE CREATIONS, INC. — NY
SODA SET (script) — See CORO
SOFTOUCH (script) — See CORO
SOLAR PLATE — 1934 — See PROVIDENCE STOCK COMPANY
SOMMERS & SHERMAN— NY — late 1940s until 1960s
- Mark: Symphony Pat. Pend. Courtesy Linn Alber
- Thanks to Sammie for the information. See a Symphony ad in our vintage ads.
SONIA LEE — See LEE, SONIA
SOL D’OR — See MIRACLE
- Mark: Sorrell Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon.
SORRELLI — Kutztown, PA — 1983
- Mark: Sorrelli © Courtesy ID: eclecticgramma.
- Current designer Lisa Oswald & her twin sisters, Susie & Sandy, began the company in 1983.
- Handcrafted pieces with semi-precious stones and Austrian crystals.
- Information from company website.
SORRENTO— See UNCAS MAG. CO.
- Most jewelry is gold-plated or sterling
SOUTHERN BELLE (script) — See CORO
SPEAR NOVELTY CO. — See Bogoff
SPERRILYTE — See Sperry Mfg.
SPERRY MFG. CO. — Providence, RI — Jan. 1947
- Mark: Tara
- Mark: Sperry
- Original box marked “Tara Craftsmen Jewelers, For Everlasting Finish”.
- Introduced a light-weight aluminum jewelry called Sperrilyte in 1954.
- Listed in a 1954 brouchure of an accessories show at the Hotel McAlpin in NY
- Images courtesy Shanti Forte
SPHINX — British firm — Established in 1950 — present
- Mark: Sphinx Courtesy Mary Walden-Till
Mark: Sphinx with number Courtesy Mary Walden-Till
- Founded by S. Root, with a factory in Chiswick which employed 200-300 people.
- They made jewelry for Kenneth Jay Lane, Butler & Wilson, 5th Avenue, Nieman Marcus, Bloomingdales and others.
- Did NOT produce pieces for Boucher.
- Unsigned pieces were either for customers who wanted to sell pieces as their own, because work was produced in a rush to meet demand
or because there wasn’t space on the design.
- Pieces may have either numbers only or a letter and numbers. These were design numbers.
- This information from Keith Palmer, of Sphinx, has been kindly provided by Lynne MacNab and Mary Walden-Till of the UK.
SPIDERS IN FASHION — See UNCAS
SPIN-IT — See MARVELLA
SPLENDOR (script) — See CORO
ST. GIELAR, IAN — See IAN ST. GIELAR
- Mark: SJ Photo courtesy Carol Hearn
- Mark: SJ and St. John.
- Dates: Company founded in 1962-present
- Founded: Robert & Marie Gray
- Company name: St. John Knits, Inc.
- Location: Irvine, CA
- Mark: Photo courtesy Simply Sharon
- Dates: early 1960s to 1976
- Founded: Leo Dohn Sr./Rev. Emmett Hoffmann
- Location: Ashland, MT
- Notes: Leo Dohn, Sr., of NY, build a jewelrymanufacturing plant on the reservation of the Northern Cheyenne.
- Notes: Thanks to Cynthia Fore Miller for gathering this information.
STANLEY HAGLER — See HAGLER
STANDARD BUTTON COMPANY — Attleboro, MA — 1909-1922
- Mark: Mark from a etched bangle bracelet.
- Not sure what the J.A.G. means. Courtesy Dorothy Swearingen.
STANNARD, DONALD — in business until 2000
- Mark: Donald Stannard Photo courtesy David Pritchett.
- Mark: Donald Stannard for Kenneth J. Lane.
- Was Kenneth J. Lane’s assistant from 1968 – 1972, when he started his own line.
- Made jewelry for Broadway shows: Panama Hattie, Anything Goes, Pal Joey, Evita, Hello Dolly, On the Twentieth Century, Annie, A Little Night Music
- Made jewelry for TV shows: Dynasty, All My Children, One Life to Live
- Made jewelry for movies: Roseland, The Greek Tycoon.
- Made jewelry for: Ann Miller, Arlene Dahl, Carol Channing, Mary Martin, Ethel Merman, Ruth Warrick, Loretta Young, Ginger Rogers, Dixie Carter, Phyllis Diller, Audrey Meadows, Jayne Meadows, Jane Powell, Elaine Stritch and The Erte Collection
- Mentioned in Vogue in 1972
- Currently designs jewelry for individuals.
- Info courtesy Harrice S. Miller.
STAR — c. 1940s-1960
- Mark: STAR Photo courtesy ID: justabunchawildflowers
STAR OFSIAM — c. March 1965
STAR with a “B” inside — See B.A. BALLOU & CO.
- Mark: Star-Art Sterling Photo courtesy Pam Brooks
STARET JEWELRY CO., INC. — Chicago, IL Office & Factory
- Mark: “Staret” stamped on a rectangular plate applied to the base metal Photo courtesy Beth Rowlands. Photo courtesy ID: justabunchawildflowers
- Based in Chicago, was originally called Star Novelty Co., Inc. (since 1935)
- Was registered as Staret from 1941-1947 (Brunialti).
- Not clear if they manufactured their own items or had them made.
- Existence of identical items with & without a mark points to an external manufacturer
- Not all Staret jewelry was signed — info courtesy Harrice Miller.
- Possibly H.M. Schrager & Co. of NY or Rice-Weiner & Co.
- Have ad from November 1940
- 1942 Had office and showroom presense on 5th ave.
STEIG, HENRY — NY, Provincetown, Massachusetts — c. 1950
- Mark: Henry Steig
- Jewelry is usually small and delicate and decorated with gemstones; also worked in silver. Info courtesy Sam Mitchell.
STEIN, LEA — c. 1960
- Mark: Lea Stein Photo courtesy Beth Rowlands.
- In the 1960s, Stein began making jewelry with laminated layers of cellulose acetate sheets.
- Her company closed around 1980, but she re-opened in the late 1980s and is still in business.
STEINER, ERNETS — Florida — maker of fine jewelry
- Mark: Ernest Steiner Original – found on a vermeil shell brooch. Photo courtesy Stefanie Brawner.
- Appears to be 1940’s designs; not to be confused with the Ernest Steiner Co. in Florida which makes fine jewelry.
- Have ad from 1946
STERLING CRAFT — See CORO
- Mark: Photo courtesy ID: justabunchawildflowers
STERN, LOUIS — LOUIS STERN CO. — Providence, RI — est. 1871- c. 1950
- Mark: Lustern Courtesy Stefanie Brawner
- Mark: Wristacrat — 1924
- Mark: Waite-Evans
- Mark: W.E.
- Mark: Dainty Maid
- Mark: Glamour
- Mark: L.S.CO.
- Mark: L.S.
- Mark: Y. & S.
- Mark: E.P.H.
- Mark: L.S. & CO.
- Mark: Little Flower Rosary
- Mark: Presit
- Makers of chains & silversmiths
- Wholesalers of chains, bags, watch bracelets, knives, buckles & jewelry
- Last record found was in 1950
STEWART, MARY ELLEN — Minneapolis, MN — early 1970s – ??
- Mark: m.e. Photo courtesy Ann Robinson
- Some materials used were deer antlers, sea glass, Austrian crystal, bronze, copper & glass beads.
- Info courtesy Linda Chapple.
STOCKING STUFFER — See CORO
STONGWATER, JAY — NY — 1982-to present (2005)
- Mark: Photo courtesy Myrna Seale.
- Mark: Jay Strongwater Courtesy Annekins Quick
- Mark: Jay S. – used when there wasn’t room for the whole name. Courtesy Cheryl Killmer
- Jay Feinberg founded Jay Feinberg Fashion Jewelry in 1982.
- Changed the name to Jay Strongwater (his mother’s maiden name) in 1990.
- Last jewelry collection was made in 1999. The company now focuses on jeweled table-top and gift items.
STUBBY — See R. F. SIMMONS
STUDIO GIRL OF HOLLYWOOD — c. 1968
STYLE METAL SPECIALTY CO. — N.Y. — c. 1930s-1940s
- Mark: Style Metal Spec. N.Y. Photo courtesy Luda Tovey.
STYLED TO BEAUTIFY — See CORO
STYLECRAFT — See UNCAS
STYLECRAFT GEMS — See UNCAS
STYLERITE — See UNCAS
SUB-DEB — See MARATHON
SUBLIME (script) — See CORO
- Mark: AS
SUNSTONE, INC./JEZLAINE — Morton Grove, IL
- Mark: Jezlaine 1987
- Mark: Jezlaine Sterling Courtesy Lyn Peightal.
- Mark: Jezlaine 925 © Photo courtesy Deb Schneider
- Importer and distributor of Sterling jewelry, established in 1975.
- TSI Holding Company purchased Sunstone in 2003
- Contemporary firm
SUPREME (script) — See CORO
SURGICLAD — See Crystal Brands
SUZANNE BJONTEGARD — See BJONTEGARD, SUZANNE
SUZIB — See BJONTEGARD, SUZANNE
SWAN symbol: — See SWAROWSKI
SWANK, INC. — NY, NY — 1897-present
- Mark: Biagi by Swank — line of women’s jewelry started in 1975.(seen in Vogue in 1977) Photo courtesy Lilly Vittetow.
- Mark: SWANK, B & W PLATE
- Mark: SWANK KUM-A-PART
- Mark: SWANK
- Mark: KUM-A-PART — The Buckle That Snaps
- Mark: KUM-A-PART Kuff Button
- Mark: ARISTO-GRAM
- Mark: ELBO-LINK
- Mark: HOL-TITE
- Mark: LOOP LINKS
- Mark: NU-LOK
- Mark: PIN KLIP
- Mark: RO-LON
- The Attleboro Mfg. Co. was founded by Samuel Stone and Maurice Baer, which became Swank Products, Inc. in 1936.
SWAROVSKI — Austria — 1895- present; began making jewelry in 1977
- Daniel Swarovski invented a machine to industrially cut crystal stones in 1892.
- Daniel Swarovski, his brother-in-law Franz Weis and Armand Kosmann founded Swarovski in 1895.
- Mark: Euro mark used until 1988 Courtesy Nona Grampp
- Mark: Edelweiss mark, which was used prior to S.A.L. Courtesy Nona Grampp
- Mark: Edelweiss hangtag Courtesy Cathy Overfield
- Mark: Edelweiss mark in presentation box Courtesy Cathy Overfield
- Mark: S.A.L. Photo courtesy Linda Lange. Photo courtesy justabunchofwildflowers.
- Mark: D.S.Co – used from the late 1970’s into the early 1980’s (D.S.Co. mark seen on pair of earrings that also had the S.A.L. mark) Courtesy Nona Grampp
- Mark: SAWY
- Mark: Began using a “swan” mark internationally in 1988 because people didn’t recognize their edelweiss mark. Photo courtesy Victoria james
- Began making their own line of jewelry in 1977
- As of Jan. 2006, most production was in Asia and Europe.
- Jan. 2006 — company sells jewelry through its own retail stores, not department stores.
SWEET ROMANCE — 1980- present
- Sweet RomanceTM Jewelry & Collectibles owned by Shelley Cooper
SWO.INC — See SWOBODA
SWOBODA — 1956-c. 1985
- Mark: Swoboda — first used in the cast — 1966 Photo courtesy Beth Rowlands;
- Mark: SWO.INC was used when there wasn’t room for entire name
- Mark: Swoboda, Inc. Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon.
- Mark: Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon. Photo courtesy ID: justabunchawildflowers
- Used hang tags until 1966; no items were signed.
- Founded by Edward Swoboda in Los Angeles, who retired from the company in 1979.
- Nate Waxman, a partner in the business ran it until it closed in 1985.
- Waxman opened his own business, N.W. Jewels, on the internet in 2000 and sells both vintage pieces and recasts.
SYMMETALIC — See W.E. Richards Co.
SYMPHONY — See Sommers & Sherman
PAT SEAL: research files
DOTTY STRINGFIELD: research files
BOBYE SYVERSON: research files.
A TRIBUTE TO AMERICA by Carla and Roberto Brunialti
AMERICAN COSTUME JEWELRY by Carla and Roberto Brunialti
AMERICAN JEWELRY MANUFACTURERS by Dorothy T. Rainwater
COLLECTIBLE COSTUME JEWELRY by Cherri Simonds
COLLECTING COSTUME JEWELRY 101 By Julia Carroll
COLLECTING COSTUME JEWELRY 202 By Julia Carroll
COLLECTING RHINESTONE COLORED JEWELRY by Maryanne Dolan
COPPER ART JEWELRY by Burkholz and Kaplan
COSTUME JEWELRY A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK AND GUIDE by Fred Rezazadeh
COSTUME JEWELRY (2nd Ed.) by Harrice Simons Miller
EUROPEAN DESIGNER JEWELRY by Ginger Moro
INSIDE THE JEWELRY BOX By Ann Pitman
LUCILLE TEMPESTA: owner-publisher of the Vintage Fashion & Costume Jewelry Magazine
MASTERPIECES OF COSTUME JEWELRY by Ball and Torem
MID-CENTURY PLASTIC JEWELRY By Susan Klein
MIRIAM HASKELL JEWELRY by Cathy Gordon and Sheila Pamfiloff
OLD JEWELRY by Jeanenne Bell
WARMAN’S JEWELRY 2nd Ed. by Christie Romero
WARMAN’S JEWELRY 3rd Ed. by Christie Romero
*DISCLAIMER: As in the past, we make every effort to ensure all information contained in the RCJ pages is accurate. However, errors can occur. Neither the prior owner of RCJ, CJCI or its representatives are responsible for your use of these resources.
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by Dotty Stringfield with the assistance of research contributor Pat Seal
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